ThePortada de Semillas of Tepoztlán in 2000
[In 2000 no folder explaining the symbolism of the portada was produced. The following text is taken from an interview of Sr. Rafael Carillo by Dr. Albert Wahrhaftig, June 26, 2001]
The year 2000 is the year of the millennium and of municipal, state, and federal elections, so we have focused on elections, showing the municipal elections in Tepoztlan.
In the middle part of the left side, we have the five competing parties whose candidates are participating in the election. They are above a crown and a baton of command because who will win is not known. Around the circle that encloses them, we have some elements that represents the promises and platform that each one of them is declaring.
As these are municipal elections, all the barrios, colonies, and other communities of the municipality have to participate, so it was necessary to keep these communities in mind. There symbols are included on the portada. For example the mountain which has a white house is the Cerro de la Cal. That is why there are more mountains than in previous portadas. It is to include those of the colonies and other communities.
On the bottom a row of skulls symbolizes those who have sacrificed themselves for Tepoztlan, who gave their hearts, and that is why there are columns on the inner side of the arch supporting a temple as though it were a teocalli. To either side, on the facade of the temple, the symbols of the barrios are united in a band so that they progress together in all things.
On the right side, the authorities have been elected. This time the municipal president is a person from barrio Santo Domingo, symbolized by the frog in a little circle near the people in the central circle. He is with his council planing what they need to do. He will govern for three years, represented by the three small circles.
There are people on the roads with heavy carrying baskets which symbolize the benefits that each community should obtain, for all should benefit from a good government and reach agreements with the council in order to carry out these works. They bring benefits to each community. The Portada shows each of the other towns within the municipality, such as San Andres de la Cal, San Juan Tlatenanco, Amatlan, etc.
Above, all of this is part of history - the nymph with her book - and the nation - the second nymph.
In the main part at the top, we have el Tepozteco shaking hands with Cuahtemoc, the king of Tenochtitlan, symbolizing that there must be a harmony and a close friendship between the community and the nation in order for everything to work out. They stand in the light of the sun so they can go forward, and the Mexican people is symbolized by the nopal cactus and the eagle. To the sides are the eagle who guards over the day and the jaguar, the guardian of the night, and the two sahumeros who purify all with their incense.
It is something magical.