The princess (mother of el Tepozteco) bathing in Axitla
This page is dedicated to the testimonies, drawings, and worldview of Tepoztecan boys and girls.
Starting in 1998, several interviews were conducted with children in different schools to know what they thought about el Tepozteco and his legend. See my article, Yolanda Corona Caraveo: The Transmission and Reinterpretation of the Legend and Ritual of the Tepozteco among children in Tepoztlan, Morelos.
The children who participated were: 6th grade: Javier Ulises Herrera, Abigail Rivera González, Rodrigo Miranda, Fernando Ortiz Sánchez, Miguel Torres Conde, Jacqueline Gómez Mendoza, Salvador Labastida, Guadalupe Ríos, Laura Jocabed Chávez, María del Pilar Villamil, Areli Vargas, Myriam Ayala Flores.
5th grade: Israel Chávez Labastida, Rafael Polanco Martínez, Jonhatan Rodríguez Polanco, Julio César Gómez García, Edith Rojas Torres, Casandra Rosas Torres, Raquel Romero Arteaga, Elizabeth Medina Pulido.
Giovanni Polanco Demesa, Judith Rojas Torres, Abigaíl Bermudez Martínez, Aldo Rivera, Isabel Lara Balderrama, Isidro Torres, Pedro Jesús Polanco Martínez.
The questions answered by the children
WHO IS EL TEPOZTECO?
- "He was the god of everything who took care of the hills, took care of the animals, and took care of nature."
- "He was the good of the hills, of nature, of animals, of the pyramids, the god of the air, the god of Tepoztlan."
- "He is the son of a woman"
- "He is the son of a goddess"
- "He is the son of the Virgin of Guadalupe"
- "He is the son of a princess"
- "His father is the god of wind, isn't he? Because when he disappeared into the hills, he was transported by the wind and he went with the power that he had."
THE TEPOZTECO'S POWERS
- "El tepozteco has the power of the wind, of water, of fire, of rays of light, of darkness"
- "When they were chasing after him there at the 17th [kilometer 17 of the highway to Cuernavaca], there at the 15th, they could see a big mound and further on another one and they are some soldiers, because they didn't believe that he had powers. And they said "we can't do anything about it" and as they saw that he had converted three [soldiers into mountains] they went back...and he went from one hill to another with his power and the wind came up and carried him to the hill of Chalchi and later to [the place known as] los corredores"
- "So the ones that were chasing him couldn't catch him, he went to the bathroom and made a big gully which is the one on the approach to the hill."
WHAT WOULD YOU DO IF YOU WERE EL TEPOZTECO?
- "Make a lot of wind so there wouldn't be so much trash"
- "Make it rain a lot so the trees would grow"
- "Make it rain so the crops could grow"
- "Make lots of trees and when [outsiders] come here there won't be many houses [for them] and make the waterfalls grow"
- "For me that all of Chernavaca would have archaeological zones and there would be lots of trees, and we would have relations with them, be their friends"
- "That there wouldn't be strong winds which blow over the trees"
- "Provide good nourishment for the poor children"
- "I would like to fly"
WHAT DID EL TEPOZTECO DO?
- (6th grade) "Once some people in the plaza were saying that they didn't want to make his fiesta and didn't want the performers of the ritual of the voladores from Papantla to come, and then there was a lot of rain and [the wind] broke the voladores's pole because he got mad because they said they weren't going to make his fiesta."
- "When they were drilling [ to make a tunnel for the train] a little boy came along and told them that they shouldn't continue with their digging because otherwise they were going to be sorry. And they didn't pay any attention and chased him away like he was crazy and then a wind came up and when it died down evferything was all blown down, all smashed."
- "When Carrillo Olea [the governor] came and ordered his men to kill as many people as possible, they came, and when they were at [kilometer] 17 the soldiers saw a black cloud coming towards them and they were afraid and went away. He appeared in the form of a cloud"
- (5th grade) "When there is a big wind el Tepoztreco is angry because he didn't like how they celebrated his fiesta on the 8th of September or because there were some who didn't attend the fiesta to honor him...They have to bring him the teponaztle, flowers, fruit and pozole."
- "He gets angry when we do gross things and then also gets mad because some of the barrios get into a fight over water rights, like tierra Blanca and La Santisima."
The drawings are the result of the "My vacation in the library" workshop in which we suggested they work with the theme of the legend of el Tepozteco.
Participants: Yesenia Miranda Conde, Elizabeth Sánchez Barragán, Diego Emanuel Carmona Bello, Nancy Sánchez Barragán, Abraham Rendón Vega, Ana Laura Ortiz Solís, Daniela Carmona Bello, Bernardo Valentín Tlatilpa, Brenda Quiroz Medina, Héctor Quiroz Medina, Manuel Alfredo Carmona Bello, Myriam Conde Monroy y Nahúm Flores Palacios.